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" If in heaven we don't meet, hand in hand we'll bear the heat. And if it ever gets to hot, Pepsi Cola hits the spot."
What Shirley wrote in Laverne's high school year book
Laverne & Shirley aired from January 1976 until May 1983 on ABC.
Laverne & Shirley revolved around two spunky girls from lower-class backgrounds, without much education, with no money, but with the determination to get ahead.
Laverne DeFazio and Shirley Feeney ( Penny Marshall, Cindy Wwilliams),worked on an assembly line in the bottle-cap division of the Shotz Brewery in Milwaukee. Laverne was the quick-tempered, defensive one, always afraid of getting hurt - a realist. Shirley was naive and trusting, a sucker for a sad story.
Other cast members included: Lenny and Squiggy ( David L. Lander, Michael McKean), the girls' crazy neighbors and truck drivers at the plant; Carmine ( Eddie Mekka), also known as " The Big Ragoo" who was eternally in love with Shirley; Frank DeFazio ( Phil Foster), Laverne's father and owner of the Pizza Bowl, a local hangout; Mrs. Babish( Betty Garrett), the sardonic landlady who was first seen in the fall of 1976 ( replacing the original landlady Mrs. Havenwurst played by Helen Page Camp) and Rosie ( Carole Ita Wwhite), an uppity friend.
Laverne & Shirley was a spin-off from the hit TV show Happy Days, in which the girls appeared only briefly. It was set in the same city and time frame and the girls' friend Fonzie sometimes stopped by to say hi. Laverne & Shirley became an instant hit - shooting to the top of the ratings. Critics called it TV Junk Food; ABC Programming Chief Fred Silverman responded by comparing it to the classic satire of the 17th century French playwright Moliere. No matter what anyone said, the public loved it. During the 1977-1978 and 1978-1979 seasons it was the number one series on TV.
With the 1978-1979 season, the show moved into the 1960's. Frank DeFazio and Mrs. Babish began dating and in the fall of 1979, they were married. Then, in the fall of 1980( after a big drop in the ratings during the 1979-1980 season), the entire crew moved to Burbank, California - all seeking to better their lives in a new place. The girls began trying to get into the movies. Frank and Edna opened a restaurant, Cowboy Bill's. Carmine just wanted to be near Shirley. New cast members included Rhonda ( Leslie Esterbrook), a dancer and model and Sonny( Ed Marinaro), a stuntman and their apartment building manager.
Life behind the scenes of Laverne & Shirley was always tumultuous, due to an intense rivalry between Cindy Williams and Penny Marshall. Demands were made, writers fired, feuds erupted. Finally, in 1982, Cindy Williams, who was pregnant, left the series. Her character married an army medic named Walter Meany who was assigned overseas. The wedding took place on September 28, 1982. Laverne tried to go it alone, but faced with competition from The A-Team on NBC, Laverne & Shirley left the air the following spring.
The theme song from the show was on the hit parade in 1976 sung by Cyndi Grecco, who was also heard on the show. Reruns of Laverne & Shirley were on ABC's daytime lineup from April 1979 until June 1980 and a Saturday morning cartoon version was seen from October 1981 to September 1983.
An Article from the 1976 Book TV Talk 2 by Peggy Herz
Laverne & Shirley: Doing It Their Way
Two brewery workers from Milwaukee hit TV with the zing of a popping champagne cork. Laverne & Shirley came on their air in January 1976 - and surprised everybody by zooming to the top of the ratings. Overnight, the show became the biggest new comedy hit of the season. Ever since, it has been rolling off the assembly line with great success. It has been knocking down its competition - and tapping millions of viewers' funny bones. And why not? It's like a cool breeze on a hot day. It's different.
Laverne and Shirley are gutsy, fun-loving, fast-talking originals. They aren't like anybody else on TV. They aren't glamourous secretaries, elegant fashion designers, or sophisticated TV producers. They work in the bottle cap division of Shotz Brewery. They punch a tme clock, do their work, go bowling, eat pizza, and dream about the future.
They don't live in a beautiful penthouse apartment with a maid and a butler. They live in a basement apartment. The men upstairs aren't tall, dark and handsome. They are Lenny and Squiggy - and Prince Charmings they aren't! You need earplugs when Lenny and Squiggy are around which, in fact, is most of the time.
Laverne and Shirley struggled through high school together. Now they are struggling to make it out in the "real world" and it isn't always easy, even with Carmine, Lenny and Squiggy to help them!
Producer Garry Marshall came up with the idea for Laverne & Shirley. At first, the two girls were to be in one episode of Happy Days and that was all. Garry decided to keep it all in the family. He called his sister Penny. "He asked me if I was doing anything that week," Penny recalled with a smile. "I said no, so he asked me if I wanted to play a bimbo on Happy Days. I said sure. Then he asked Cindy Williams to play Shirley and she agreed. We did the show and had a good time."
But that wasn't the end of Laverne and Shirley. Viewers liked the two zany characters. Three weeks later, Garry Marshall pitched the idea of a Laverne & Shirley series to ABC. The network liked the idea. "It all happened very fast," Penny acknowledged. "I was already under contract to ABC. I figured if this show didn't go I'd have a shot at another one." Penny needn't have worried. The show went through the roof in the ratings.
"When someone told us the ratings of the first show, we were all in a state of shock," Penny recalled. "We didn't really know what the numbers meant but we knew they were good. I think it made us nervous. We just looked at each other!
"We had to do the first shows so quickly. When we looked at them later, we saw that there had been too much yelling and and that Shirley and I were too 'hyper.' We have toned the show down since the first two episodes - in volume at least!"
For Penny Marshall, being in a hit TV show meant having two hits in one family. Penny is married to Rob Reiner, one of the stars of All in the Family. "Rob and I understand each other," she said. "He knows the pressures of being in a weekly series."
Does Penny identify with the character she plays? Penny smiled at the question."I look like her. I talk like her," she replied. "But I'm not as tough. I get scared when we drop a rating point. I say, 'See, we're on our way down!' I worry about what kind of show we're doing, whether we're doing valid shows or not. The characters we played on Happy Days were one-dimensional. Now you see that a lot of Laverne's toughness is based on insecurity - and you see other aspects of both our characters. That's good."
Penny grew up in NYC. "In the Bronx," she said. Her father was a filmmaker, her mother, a dancing teacher. "I loved junior high school," she said. "But I didn't like high school. I went to an all-girls high school. The lack of guys around was not a thrill. That happened to be the school in my district. To get to a coed school I would have had to to take two subway trains and a bus.
"School wasn't the center of activity, anyway," Penny added. "The neighborhood was. Kids in the neighborhood went to all different schools. Then we'd meet on the fence after three o'clock. I didn't join a lot of school activities, but I hung out on the fence a lot. I didn't want to miss anything! From there you could see what was going on on the parkway, you could see what was going on in the candy store, and so on. Then on Friday nights we'd all go to the movies in a group."
One thing Penny loved was going to camp. "I went every summer from the time I was 8," she said enthusiastically.
Having a mother who ran a dancing school meant that Penny took a lot of dancing lessons, whether she wanted to or not. "I didn't want to dance, but as little kids, everyone took dancing. I tended to be a troublemaker. Since my mother was right there, I got punished! Every year I threatened to quit," Penny admitted. "My mother would say, 'OK, you do the grocery shopping and the cleaning like all the other kids do on Saturday.'" Penny laughed. "I didn't know anybody who did that but it kept me in dancing school. Whenever one of my dates came to the door, my mother would ask him, 'Do you dance? Sing? Wll you pull curtains for the show?'
"I took dancing through high school. It was precision tap, like the Rockettes. Part of it was fun. My mother would say, 'Why do you hang out on the parkway?' She'd name 300 kids who weren't there. I'd say, 'Yeah, but there are 60 kids out there - they just don't take dancing lessons!'"
Penny was put in an honors class during her sophomore year in high school. "I had a high IQ, but I was a total underachiever. I was not a good worker. I tried to get out of the honors class. I wanted to be like everybody else," she said. "I wanted to be in the regular class. Being in honors meant that during your senior year, which is usually a breeze, you end up taking things like solid geometry and physics. I wanted a nice little art course!
"Boys were my only great interest at any time. Acting didn't come until I had dropped out of college. In junior high I was in a play only because it could get me out of science and math. I was very embarrassed, though."
Penny smiled. "I had a lot of friends," she said. "I was always joking. The guys I liked didn't necessarily like me on a going-steady basis, but friendship was better than nothing. I was not an attractive child - plus I was a tomboy on top of it."
Penny went to college at the University of New Mexico. "I wanted to go to Ohio State," she said, "but New Mexico was eager for out-of-state students. My mother wasn't too good at geography. She thought New Mexico was closer to New York than Ohio! She also liked it because it had a new infirmary and a new cafeteria. Those were her main requirements: Eat and be well."
Penny married a football player and dropped out of college during her junior year. "One of us had to go to work," she explained. At first, she worked as as a secretary. Then, after her daughter was born, she decided to teach dancing. "I needed something physical to do," she said. "I had gained a lot of weight." So all her dancing lessons came in handy after all. Eventually, they led her into acting.
A little theater group in town asked her to direct the dances in a show. "I said no, but I agreed to be in the chorus," Penny recalled. "I got good reviews. People began to encourage me to take up acting."
One aspect of acting really appealed to her. "They stay up late at night!" Penny exclaimed. "I like that! I come alive at 4:30 in the afternoon and like to stay up until about 3 AM."
Gradually she began to get speaking parts in plays. Her marriage ended in divorce, but her acting career was just beginning. "I decided I wanted to get out of Albuquerque," she said. "I had two choices: I could go back to New York and have my parents treat me like a 16-year-old or I could go to California, where my brother Garry was."
She picked California. In the summer of 1967, she headed for Los Angeles with her baby girl. At first, things weren't easy. "I worked for a temporary employment place," she said. "At one point I worked for McDonald's. I used a calculator to figure out profits and losses. I also worked for a hospital. I knew everybody who didn't pay their bills.
"The mainstay of acting is sticking it out. If you're around long enough you'll get it. I never felt that I absolutely had to act. I just did it because I enjoyed it. I once had one line on a TV show and I got paid $150 for it. I said to myself, 'Hey, this is easier than sitting at a calculator at McDonald's!'"
Bigger and better acting parts began to come along. Penny played Jack Klugman's secretary in The Odd Couple and had roles in other TV series. But nothing captured the hearts of TV viewers like her portrayal of Laverne DeFazio.
Laverne is a realist. "This is it. This is our life," is her attitude. Her friend, Shirley Feeney, is a dreamer. She is waiting for the man of her dreams to drive up in a sleek car and whisk her away. Only Lenny and Squiggy are available at the moment? Shirley will wait.
"Not the powerful impact of a Fonzie"
Cindy Williams, who plays Shirley Feeney, wasn't really sure she wanted to do a TV series. "My career revolved around films and the theater," Cindy told me. "Being in a TV series locks you into playing a certain character for a period of time. I didn't want to be typecast. I no longer worry about that, though. I understand now how many characters I can play. Shirley is a part of me, but she is a character I play. I'm not playing myself.
"I'm not going to have the powerful impact of a Fonzie," Cindy continued. "I have a changeable face. I photograph differently if my hair is long or if it's short or whatever. I can look totally different. I was concerned about that at first but now I think I'm lucky."
Cindy started acting when she was very young. I started putting on plays in the backyard when I was about 5," Cindy said. "I'd do everything - produce, direct, and star in them. Then when I was in church camp I was in charge of the talent shows. That's probably the best work I've ever done!"
Cindy was born in Van Nuys, CA. Her family moved to Texas when she was a year old. "But we moved back to Van Nuys when I was 10," she explained. "I was 16 when I decided I wanted to be an actress. First I wanted to be a nurse. I liked the drama of it - and the costume. I could see myself throwing open the door of the operating room and crying, 'Stand back! Plasma arriving!'"
Cindy liked school. "I didn't get good grades, though," she said. "I just couldn't concentrate. I'd be off daydreaming or making jokes in my head. I'd look at the other kids and wonder about them. I was interested in people."
Cindy laughed. "One day when we were having an algebra test, the teacher has the shortest boy and the tallest boy in class hand out the test papers. I went through the entire test wondering why he had picked those two boys. They looked ridiculous together. I flunked the test.
"My parents wanted me to learn a solid, decent trade. I learned to type 30 words a minute - with 19 errors. I tried to explain that I was double-jointed and couldn't get the right pressure on the keys."
High school was the best time of her life, Cindy said. "I was into and out of everything," she explained. "I was vice president of the Girls' League, my boyfriend was class president. I went out for cheerleading, but sprained my ankle on the first downbeat. I was very involved with high school politics, and so on. But gradually I began to get involved in drama and I began to realize there was more to high school than politics and cheerleading.
"I didn't have the grades to get into the UCLA Theater Arts department, so I went to Los Angeles City College, which is also very good. I was wrapped up in theater arts by then.
"I took other credits, but dropped some of them. Art history was the only other thing I really liked. I can remember things I want to remember." Cindy smiled, remembering those school days. I took an art course and in college from a fabulous teacher. But I didn't know what he was talking about. I begged to leave the course and he let me out. Even history of the theater I couldn't remember. I wanted to get up and act! I was very nervous in college. I knew the next stop was LIFE."
She delayed taking that step as long as possible. "I was graduated from college just about the time when the era of the hippies and the Vietnam protestors was beginning," Cindy noted. "My friends were political activists. For about two years I lived with no kind of schedule. I was a waitress and so on. Then I did nothing for a while. Finally, a friend pointed out that that was wrong - and I started up again. Things began to fall into place. One thing led to another."
After minor roles in feature films and TV shows, she was chosen for a role in George Cukor's film, Travels With My Aunt, starring Maggie Smith. Then she was cast in Francis Ford Coppola's American Graffiti, playing Ron Howard's girlfriend, followed by The Conversation, and several other films. She had met Garry Marshall early in her career - and he had remembered her when he needed someone to play Shirley Feeney.
Cindy and I met one afternoon after she had been working on Laverne & Shirley all day. "It's been a long day," she admitted. "We've been on our feet all day with five-minute breaks here and there. It's like being a waitress, only you don't get any tips!"
Cindy is single and lives in Beverly Hills. "I'll go home and loaf around," she said.
"Are you a good cook?" I asked her.
"Last night I cooked a good meal," she replied. "But I rarely do that. I usually have a cup of soup - and Oreo cookies about 2 AM."
Cindy and Henry Winkler, who plays Fonzie on Happy Days, have been friends for a long time. "He's my buddy," she said. She has no special boyfriend at the moment. "I have one Siamese cat," she explained, "and I love to play backgammon and cards.
"I hope to stay unaffected by the success of Laverne & Shirley," Cindy added. "I think I will. It's a joy to be recognized. I sometimes feel very humbled by it."
Arm in arm, Laverne and Shirley - and Penny and Cindy - have sung, danced and laughed their way into the hearts of millions of TV viewers. They are making their dreams come true, all right, and sharing the fun with all of us.
Here's an article about ABC's Tuesday night lineup during the 1977-1978 season from Time Magazine.
Tuesday Night on the Tube
Monday, Dec. 12, 1977 By FRANK RICH Article
ABC's big hits use sex and kids to clobber the competition
There are few better ways to find out what is really going on in this diverse country than to watch the highest-rated series on prime-time television. Though network TV is never art and only sporadically satisfying entertainment, it is a fascinating barometer of the public's prevailing tastes in pop culture and social values. That is why the Nielsen winners are often more exciting to watch than better shows with low ratings. Turn on the hits and you get a fun-house mirror image of the nation's psyche. It is a picture that only television can offer.
These days that image can best be found on one network, ABC, on a single night, Tuesday. The schedule is the apotheosis of prime-time entertainment: viewers can spend three hours in front of the set without changing the channel and see the most popular series back to back. The evening begins with Happy Days, a sitcom about teen-age kids in '50s Milwaukee that is now No. 2 in the Nielsens. Next is TV's highest-rated series: Laverne & Shirley, a Happy Days spin-off about two female beer factory workers who also live in '50s Milwaukee. After that comes Three's Company, No. 3 in the Nielsens, another sitcom about two women roommates only this time the women share their flat with a single man. The night concludes with Soap, one of this season's few new hits, and Family, an hour-long dramatic series that is a particular favorite with TV critics. Most of the time these ABC series leave the other networks reeling. They capture up to half the TV audience, or 45 million to 50 million viewers.
To the casual viewer, the appeal of ABC's Tuesday night hits may seem elusive at first. In many ways the shows look like well produced rehashes of the hoariest old TV formats. Unlike the Norman Lear sitcoms on CBS, ABC's shows do not pretend to deal with topical issues, and their premises are brazenly retrograde. Happy Days copies Dobie Gillis; Three's Company recalls Petticoat Junction and Love That Bob. Laverne and Shirley's slapstick antics usually built around wild schemes to earn money or meet men are often indistinguishable from the adventures of Lucy and Ethel on I Love Lucy.
Upon closer examination, however, the new shows prove to be quite unlike the older ones whose formulas they borrow; plots and characters may be similar, but the message they deliver is not. ABC's blockbusters are downright obsessed with two subjects youth and sex that were never too important to earlier successful series. Obviously this twin fixation strikes a popular chord for the Tuesday night hits win every age group in the Nielsen survey. The America they reflect is younger and sassier than the one that once embraced Lucy and Dobie. Happy Days'frantic pace is TV's equivalent of the erotic drive of Top 40 radio.
The young seem to have a monopoly on wisdom. The teen-agers of Happy Days and Soap, as well as the young adults of Laverne & Shirley and Three's Company, are forever outwitting their elders, whether parents or employers or landlords. This fantasy is not without its comic rewards. In the '50s, Father Knows Best concluded with an Eisenhower-like Robert Young counseling his children about the wages of maturity. Now the same sermons are delivered with far more panache at the end of Happy Days by Fonzie, the dropout greaser. Only on Family are parents still role models, but even they are challenged by strong children who keep the adults from getting too pompous.
ABC's treatment of sex is also slanted in favor of the young; indeed, the Tuesday night sitcoms are a giddy celebration of post-pubescent horniness. The kids of Happy Days are always trying to score with cheerleader types; the appealingly libidinous roommates of Three's Company spend so much time trying to turn their platonic menage trois into an orgy that the show has the dizzy ambience of a junior high coed slumber party. Adults do not have nearly as much fun. On Soap and Three's Company, impotent middle-aged characters are the butts of a major share of the jokes. The only sexual state funnier than menopause is homosexuality: "fruit" jokes fly fast on Soap, where there is a transsexual character, and on Three's Company, where the hero pretends to be gay so that the landlord will allow him to cohabit with two single women. When these two shows are followed by a Family episode about a lesbian teacher as they recently were one begins to feel that homosexuality is the hottest issue to sweep the country since Reconstruction.
For all the leering sex jokes on ABC, consummation is intriguingly scarce. Characters who want to have sex rarely do; double-entendre punch lines often trail off into pregnant pauses; Suzanne Somers, the blonde bombshell comedienne of Three's Company, never does fall out of her many scanty outfits. On those rare occasions when characters do philander notably on Soap a price is exacted, either in the form of acute mental anguish or Old Testament-style retribution. The conflict between current manners and old-fashioned values is powerfully frustrating; every time a show heats viewers up, it douses them with a cold shower.
ABC does not help resolve moral conflicts, of course; it just exploits them. Family aside, the Tuesday night hits encourage viewers of all ages to think of adolescence as the apex of human emotional development. Yet if ABC's shows are junk as a CBS executive once labeled them they are frequently far better than the junk on the other two networks. To see why, one need only look over at various knockoffs. On CBS, for example, a new show, On Our Own, and an old series, Rhoda, are both trying to emulate Laverne & Shirley right down to the opening credits sequence in the case of On Our Own. The copies are so lugubrious that they make the original seem almost Shavian by comparison.
ABC succeeds where the others fail because Fred Silverman, the network's programming whiz, knows that audiences want to see characters on the tube. The people on ABC are often cartoon figures, but their outlines are filled in by talented and at times magnestic performers. Like Jackie Gleason and Lucille Ball before them, Henry Winkler and Laverne & Shriley's Penny Marshall can transform rampant silliness into laughter.
Sometimes ABC stars even do more than that. As Happy Days grows older the relationship between the bad boy hero Fonz and the good boy hero Richie (Ron Howard) is becoming TV's own pop version of Huck Finn and Tom Sawyer. John Ritter of Three's Company has managed to make a popular sex symbol out of a refreshingly non-macho male. Soap, after a slow start, has begun to change its intially idiotic female leads (Cathryn Damon and Katherine Helmond) into believable middle-aged heroins. Though there is much to lament about ABC's blockbusters, they are not beyond hope and neither, it is safe to assume, is country that settles down to watch them each Tuesday night.
Here's an interview with Penny Marshall in the summer of 2004 from Time Magazine.
Monday, Aug. 23, 2004 By CAROLINA A. MIRANDA; PENNY MARSHALL Article
Almost 30 years ago, Happy Days characters Richie and Fonzie dated brewery babes who later starred in Laverne & Shirley. Viewers can now see the first seasons of both series on DVD. Penny Marshall (Laverne) talked to TIME's Carolina A. Miranda:
How does it feel to be part of American TV lore?
At the time, we were not well received. [Laverne & Shirley] never got an Emmy nomination. But I still get recognized, and I'm, like, 150. Ironically, people told me I would never work in TV with my teeth and my accent.
Both shows were set in Wisconsin. So why did everyone seem to speak in New York accents?
Many of our characters [on Laverne & Shirley] were from Brooklyn. Cindy [Williams, who played Shirley] has a bad New York accent in the first six shows. She thought she had to talk like us.
You're producing the movie Cinderella Man, which Ron Howard is directing. Did you think that you'd still be working with Happy Days alums?
We have a shorthand. I trust Ron implicitly. He directed my daughter [Tracy Reiner] in Apollo 13.
Laverne used to drink milk and Pepsi. I tried it once and it was pretty darn gross. No, it's not! Ever have a Coke float?
It's the same deal. You just gotta put the milk in first so it doesn't coagulate.
Here is Phil Foster's obituary from The LA Times
Comedian Phil Foster Dies
July 08, 1985
Phil Foster, nightclub comedian and actor, died this morning at Eisenhower Medical Center in Palm Springs of heart failure, a family spokesman said. He was 72.
Foster, a Brooklyn-born comedian, was perhaps best-known in recent years for his work in the popular TV series "Laverne & Shirley." He played Fran DeFazio, Laverne's father and the owner of a pizza parlor and bowling alley.
As a young man, Foster worked in the Catskills as a social director and comic, studied serious acting for a time and first worked in nightclubs just before World War II. He frequently appeared in Las Vegas in the post-war years.
Foster remained an active performer in clubs nationally up until his death, family members said.
Here is Betty Garrett's Obituary from The LA Times
Betty Garrett dies at 91; versatile comedic actress
The veteran performer was in MGM musicals and a regular on "All in the Family" and "Laverne & Shirley." She also starred on Broadway and in Los Angeles theater productions.
February 13, 2011|By Kate Linthicum, Los Angeles Times
Betty Garrett, a comedic actress who was a fixture in such MGM musicals as "On The Town" and "Take Me Out to the Ballgame," a regular on the television series "All in the Family" and "Laverne & Shirley" and a star on Broadway and in Los Angeles theater productions, has died. She was 91.
Garrett died early Saturday morning at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center of an aortic aneurysm, said her son Garrett Parks.
Just last Wednesday, Garrett went to dinner with friends and afterward taught a weekly musical comedy class at Theatre West, the nonprofit theater she helped found in North Hollywood half a century ago.
"She was a woman of boundless optimism," Miles Kreuger, president of the Los Angeles-based Institute of the American Musical, told The Times on Saturday. "On the screen and on television there was just a wonderful sense of joy."
In a 2009 interview with The Times, Garrett reflected on her long career. "People say, how come you've lasted this long?" she said. "I say I think it's because all of my life I have gotten to do what I love to do."
Born on May 23, 1919, in St. Joseph, Mo., Garrett had a flair for performance that was apparent at an early age.
In 1936, a family friend arranged for her to meet famed dancer Martha Graham. Graham recommended Garrett for a scholarship at the Neighborhood Playhouse in New York.
"I graduated from high school at 16 and came right to New York," Garrett later recalled.
Within a few years, she was landing roles on Broadway. She made her first big splash in "Call Me Mister," a sketch comedy revue in which she sang the hit song "South America, Take It Away."
Soon, Hollywood came calling. A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer contract drew her west in 1947, and she spent the next several years making musicals, including 1949's "Neptune's Daughter" with Red Skelton and "On the Town" with Gene Kelly and Frank Sinatra.
"I was in on the end of what they called the golden years," she told The Times in 1979. "I met Gable and Tracy and, of course, Gene Kelly and Sinatra. To grow up with Frank being your idol and then suddenly being his leading lady is an extraordinary fantasy lived out."
In 1944, Garrett married actor Larry Parks, who had had success onscreen in "The Jolson Story" but whose film career ended with the Hollywood blacklist. The couple toured Britain with a vaudeville act. Parks died in 1975.
Garrett was best known on TV for her roles on two popular 1970s sitcoms, as landlady Edna Babish on "Laverne & Shirley" and as Archie Bunker's neighbor Irene Lorenzo on "All in the Family."
In recent years, she had performed a one-woman show, "Betty Garrett and Other Songs." She appeared frequently on the Theatre West stage. Her final shows there included "Nunsense," the Los Angeles premiere of Noel Coward's "Waiting in the Wings" and a revue, "Betty Garrett, Closet Songwriter."
In addition to her son Garrett, a composer, she is survived by her son Andrew, an actor, and a granddaughter, Madison.
On Saturday night Madison performed in an opera at her high school.
"She's following in her grandmother's footsteps," Garrett Parks said of his daughter.
To read some articles about Laverne & Shirley go to http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=hu0bAAAAIBAJ&sjid=Y1YEAAAAIBAJ&dq=laverne%20%26%20shirley&pg=6751%2C176826 and http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=5SAtAAAAIBAJ&sjid=gqQEAAAAIBAJ&dq=laverne%20%26%20shirley&pg=4808%2C2073647 and http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=L84wAAAAIBAJ&sjid=0hEEAAAAIBAJ&dq=laverne%20%26%20shirley&pg=5523%2C4477612 and http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=bvwtAAAAIBAJ&sjid=cYgFAAAAIBAJ&dq=laverne%20%26%20shirley&pg=2291%2C3138440 and http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=K_4sAAAAIBAJ&sjid=kM0FAAAAIBAJ&dq=laverne%20%26%20shirley&pg=4471%2C3802546 and http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=bIVQAAAAIBAJ&sjid=3xEEAAAAIBAJ&dq=laverne%20%26%20shirley&pg=6991%2C4491736 and http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=46IyAAAAIBAJ&sjid=D-4FAAAAIBAJ&dq=laverne%20%26%20shirley&pg=6040%2C3776835 and http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=xdMVAAAAIBAJ&sjid=5hEEAAAAIBAJ&dq=laverne%20%26%20shirley&pg=6644%2C162676 and http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=tHlQAAAAIBAJ&sjid=8hEEAAAAIBAJ&dq=laverne%20%26%20shirley&pg=6432%2C3951483 and http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=OlUaAAAAIBAJ&sjid=ZiYEAAAAIBAJ&dq=laverne%20%26%20shirley&pg=6903%2C2479442 and http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=9h4rAAAAIBAJ&sjid=RaEFAAAAIBAJ&dq=laverne%20%26%20shirley&pg=3422%2C1192153 and http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=PWdRAAAAIBAJ&sjid=PgMEAAAAIBAJ&dq=laverne%20%26%20shirley&pg=6831%2C7550749 and http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=RvhLAAAAIBAJ&sjid=he4DAAAAIBAJ&dq=laverne%20%26%20shirley&pg=5389%2C5625073 and http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=A9EmAAAAIBAJ&sjid=tQIGAAAAIBAJ&dq=laverne%20%26%20shirley&pg=1456%2C2394426
To watch some clips from Laverne & Shirley go to http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=laverne+%26+shirley+episodes&aq=f
For Tim's TV Showcase go to https://web.archive.org/web/20130406183805/http://www.timstvshowcase.com/l&s.html
For a Website dedicated to Laverne & Shirley go to http://ladymarmalade179.tripod.com/
For a Website dedicated to Laverne & Shirley go to http://web.archive.org/web/20091026205121/http://www.geocities.com/televisioncity/network/3378/
For a Website dedicated to Shirley ( some parts have not been preserved) go to http://web.archive.org/web/20040705104220/www.geocities.com/Feeney082/feeney.html
For a Website dedicated to Lenny & Sqiggy go to http://web.archive.org/web/20051126224221/http://lauren.50g.com/lennysquiggy/
For The Laverne & Shirley Page go to http://web.archive.org/web/20010420170426/http://geocities.com/SunsetStrip/Lounge/6326/ls.html
For some laverne and shirley-related interview videos at the Archive of American Television go to https://interviews.televisionacademy.com/shows/laverne-shirley
For 3 great reviews of Laverne & Shirley go to http://www.museum.tv/eotv/laverneands.htm and https://web.archive.org/web/20080212070123/http://www.televisionheaven.co.uk/laverne.htm and http://www.commonsensemedia.org/tv-reviews/Laverne-Shirley.html
To watch the opening and closing credits go to https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UFNrZtuW7S0
To hear Laverne & Shirley sing "High Hopes" go to http://www.televisiontunes.com/Laverne_and_Shirley_-_High_Hopes.html
� Date: Sun February 20, 2005 � Filesize: 53.8kb � Dimensions: 386 x 480 �
Keywords: Cindy Williams & Penny Marshall (Links Updated 7/10/18)